Commercial - Built Up

A roof consisting of multiple plies of roof felts laminated together with bitumen. Built-up roof material can consist of bitumen-saturated felt, coated felt, polyester felt or other fabrics. A surfacing is generally applied and can be asphalt, aggregate (gravel or slag), emulsion or a granule-surfaced cap sheet.


Built-Up Roofing is one of the oldest and most reliable ways of installing a new roof. It was first known as composition roofing and started in the 1840s. B.U.R.s come in two basic types, asphalt and coal tar, and three basic components:

  • 1. the waterproofing component
  • 2. the reinforcing component
  • 3. the surfacing component which is used to protect the other components from the elements

The roofing membrane is protected from the elements by a surfacing layer, either a cap sheet or gravel embedded in bitumen or a coating material.

The most common surface for a BUR system, particularly in the west, is a fiberglass mineral surfaced cap sheet. The west represents 40 percent of the fiberglass cap sheet market. It offers a number of advantages. It has a white granular look, it is cost effective, and is relatively maintenance free.

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